WW2 land, sea and air forces of the Allied Nations planning, training and operating together as a unified force on amphibious raids and landings against the enemy.

Australia Greece  Belgium Holland Canada UK USA France Norway Poland New Zea'd




Roll of Honour



All Pages Index

Notice Boards


They Also Served


Contact Us

 Approaching 500k visits per year to 200  web pages & 3000 photos.  General information at the bottom of this and every web page.

Please show your appreciation for those who served the Allied cause in WW2 by 'liking' the Combined Ops Facebook page. Many thanks.


The information below addresses some of the more common questions asked about Combined Operations and the website.



(Q) Where can I get a copy of my father's/grandfather's service record? (A) The link opposite will take you to the page you need on the Service Personnel and Veterans Agency (SPVA) website.

Gov  UK Service Records

(Q) Where I get a replacement medal? Click on the link opposite.

Gov.UK Medals

(Q) Is there anywhere I can find out about 'through life' support for serving and ex-Service personnel. (A) Click on the link opposite or freephone 0800 169 2277, Textphone 0800 169 3458 or Email veterans.help@spva.gsi.gov.uk

Gov UK Veterans Support

(Q) Who runs the website? (A) The setting up, development and maintenance of the website is undertaken by me, Geoff Slee from Edinburgh, Scotland. The website was first published in 2000 with a few pages and a few thousand visits per year. In April 2017 the website had 180 pages varying in length from a few hundred words to 20,000 with around 450,000 visits per year from around the world.

Website Background

(Q) Who contributes to the website? (A) Most of the website content has come from veterans, their families, individuals and personal research. Without the support and interest of many hundreds of people, the website would not be the success it is today. You know who you are - thank you warmly on behalf of the millions of visitors to date and future generations.

List of Members & Contributors

(Q) If I have information or photos that might be of interest to you what should I do? (A) Please don't hesitate to get in touch; even the smallest detail can usefully add to the historical record of these important times. E-mail attachment is the most popular method of sending material but a proportion is received through the post.

Contact Us

(Q) Why can't you answer questions from everyone? (A) I would so much like to do that but just maintaining the website  and adding new pages is a big task. The memorial to the Combined Operations Command and Facebook page, also claim a share of my time. Unfortunately I've had to restrict this service to members and those who donate their membership fee to the Combined Operations Memorial Fund.



(Q) What is HMS COPRA? (A) HMS COPRA often appears in the pay and service records of Royal Navy personnel. It's not a ship! Find out more from the link opposite.


(Q) If I become a member, can you guarantee to answer my questions? (A) No one could do that but I will do my best to help or to suggest where you might find information of interest. Your membership will be refunded on request.


(Q) I would like to make contact with an old oppo I've lost contact with. How can I do this?  (A) There are a number of websites offering a range of services including finding forces friends you've lost contact with. Click on the links opposite to see what's available.

Forces Reunited

(Q) Is the material on the website copyrighted? (A) Yes. If you wish to use anything from the website please tell us about your proposal and we'll give you a decision.

Terms of Use

(Q) Is combinedops.com a commercial website? (A) No... it's a "not for profit" website. Memberships pay the running costs of the website and surplus funds go into the Combined Operations Memorial Fund or to Military Charities.  You'll find more information on the links opposite.

Website Accounts

Memorial Fund

News & Information


Memorial Maintenance

We have a small band of volunteers who take turns to visit the memorial each month, particularly during the growing season, to undertake routine maintenance such as weeding keeping the stones and slabs clear of bird dropping, lichen etc. and reporting on any issues. If you live near the National Memorial Arboretum and would like to find out more, please contact us.

Remember a Veteran

You can pay a personal tribute to veterans who served in, or alongside, the Combined Operations Command in WW2 by adding their details and optional photo to our Roll of Honour and They Also Served pages on this website.

Read the Combined Operations prayer.

Events and Places to Visit

To organisers: Reach the people who will be interested to know about your Combined Operations or war related event by adding it to our  webpage free of charge.

To everyone else: Visit our webpage for information on events and places to visit. If you know of an event or place of interest, that is not listed, please let us know.

To notify an event or place of interest, click here.

To visit the webpage click here.


Why not join the thousands who visit our Facebook page about the Combined Operations Command in appreciation of our WW2 veterans.

See the 'slide shows' of the dedication ceremony and the construction of the memorial plus the 'On this day in 194?' feature where major Combined Ops events are highlighted on their anniversary dates with links to additional information.

You are welcome to add information, photos and comment or reply to messages posted by others.

Find Books of Interest 

Search for Books direct from our Books page. Don't have the name of a book in mind? Just type in a keyword to get a list of possibilities... and if you want to purchase you can do so on line through the Advanced Book Exchange (ABE). 5% commission goes into the memorial fund.

WW2 Combined Operations Handbook

This handbook was prepared for Combined Operations in the Far East. It illustrates the depth and complexity of the planning process necessary to ensure that the 3 services worked together as a unified force.

Restoration of Geoffrey Appleyard's  Memorial 

Click on the image if you'd like to contribute to the improvement of the memorial to Geoffrey Appleyard, DSO, MC and Bar, through the purchase of a limited edition print of a book about him. Geoffrey achieved so much in service with No 7 Commando, No 62 Commando, the Small Scale Raiding Force and the Second SAS Regiment. He was posted Missing in Action in July 1943, aged 26.


The Gazelle Helicopter Squadron Display Team

The Gazelle Squadron is a unique team of ex-British Military Gazelle helicopters in their original military colours and with their original military registrations. The core team includes four Gazelles, one from each service; The Royal Navy, The Royal Marines, The Army Air Corps and The Royal Air Force. A fifth Gazelle in Royal Marines colours will provide intimate support for the team. Their crest includes the Combined Operations badge. The last, and possibly, only time the badge was seen on an aircraft was in the early mid 40s. A photo of the Hurricane concerned is included in the 516 Squadron webpage.

Legasee Film Archive

As part of an exciting social history project, the film company Legasee is looking for veterans from any conflict who would like to have their stories filmed for posterity. Films are now available on line. www.legasee.org.uk

New to Combined Ops?

Visit Combined Operations Explained for an easy introduction to the subject.

About Us?

Background to the website and memorial project, and a look to the future; plus other small print stuff and website accounts etc. Click here for information.


Print too small or large?

Easy solution when browsing. I) PC. To increase hold down Ctrl and shift and press +. To decrease hold down Ctrl and press -. 2) MAC. To increase Command + and to decrease Command -.


Copyright 2000 to 2017 inclusive [www.combinedops.com]. All rights reserved.